TV (Trichomonas Vaginalis) is a tiny parasite that is sexually transmitted. This includes penis to vagina or vulva to vulva intercourse. In women, the infection can be found in the vagina and the urethra (tube where urine comes out). In men, it can be found in the urethra.
Women who have trichomoniasis may notice a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong, foul odor. There may be soreness, itching and irritation of the genital area, urination or sexual intercourse may be uncomfortable or painful. Symptoms in men typically include urethral discharge, pain during urination, mild local itching, and burning after sexual intercourse.
Tests for Trichomonas Vaginalis are made by taking a swab from the vagina, or urine from men. The results can take up to two weeks.
Trichomonas Vaginalis is curable. It is treated with a course of antibiotics. Patients notice improvement in the signs and symptoms within a few days.
The antibiotics used to treat trichomonas interact with methods of contraception that contain oestrogen and progesterone so you must tell the doctor or nurse if you are using these methods so they can advise you on how to ensure you are protected from pregnancy. If trichomonas isn't treated you may be at more risk of becoming infected with HIV or passing on HIV if you already have it.
Using latex condoms correctly every time you have sex will help reduce the risk of getting or spreading trichomoniasis. However, condoms don't cover everything, and it is possible to get or spread this infection even when using a condom. The only sure way to prevent sexually transmitted infections is to avoid having sex entirely.