Female sterilisation works by preventing eggs from travelling down the fallopian tubes. This means a woman's eggs cannot meet sperm, and fertilisation cannot happen. There are two main types of female sterilisation. First one is when your fallopian tubes are blocked, for example with clips or rings and second one when implants are used to block your fallopian tubes. It can be a fairly minor operation, with many women returning home the same day.
Vasectomy is a quick and relatively painless surgical procedure. The tubes that carry sperm from a man's testicles to the penis are cut, blocked or sealed with heat. In most cases, you will be able to return home the same day. It is possible to have a vasectomy reversed. However, the procedure is not always successful. You have a better chance if it is done soon after the vasectomy.